Nursing News

Study: Residential washers may not kill hospital-acquired bacteria


Arlington, VA, USA (October 3, 2011) - Residential washing machines may not always use hot enough water to eliminate dangerous bacteria like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Acinetobacter, a Gram-negative bacteria, from hospital uniforms, according to a study published in the November issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.


Study reports predictors of poor hand hygiene in an emergency department


Arlington, VA, USA (October 3, 2011) - Researchers studying hand hygiene of healthcare workers in the emergency department found certain care situations, including bed location and type of healthcare worker performing care, resulted in poorer hand hygiene practice. The study was reported in the November issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.


New Clinical Treatment Guideline Outlines Recommendations to Reduce Blood Clots After Hip and Knee Replacement

Guideline recommends postoperative blood thinners, compression, early mobilization to prevent clots


Rosemont, IL, USA (September 30, 2011) - An updated clinical practice guideline released last week by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Board of Directors recommends how to reduce the likelihood of blood clots after hip or knee replacement surgery, procedures that more than 800,000 Americans undergo each year. The new guideline suggests use of preventive treatments and advises against routinely screening patients after surgery using ultrasound imaging.


Identification and management of breakthrough cancer pain remains a challenge

European oncology nurse survey calls for greater clinical consensus on diagnosis and treatment of breakthrough cancer pain; new guidelines are on their way


Stockholm, Sweden (September 30, 2011) - Today, the results from a European Survey of Oncology Nurse Breakthrough Cancer Pain Practices were presented for the first time at The European Multidisciplinary Cancer Congress in Stockholm. The survey was performed for the Breakthrough Cancer Pain Initiative, a European Oncology Nursing Society (EONS) working group.

Hepatitis C patients likely to falter in adherence to treatment regimen over time, Penn study shows

Findings point to need for interventions to help patients take drugs properly


Philadelphia, PA, USA (September 29, 2011) – Patients being treated for chronic hepatitis C become less likely to take their medications over time, according to a new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Since the study also showed better response to the drugs when they're taken correctly, the researchers say the findings should prompt clinicians to assess patients for barriers to medication adherence throughout their treatment, and develop strategies to help them stay on track. The study is published online this month in Annals of Internal Medicine.


Oral steroids linked to severe vitamin D deficiency in nationwide study


Bronx, N.Y., USA (September 28, 2011) - People taking oral steroids are twice as likely as the general population to have severe vitamin D deficiency, according to a study of more than 31,000 children and adults by scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University. Their findings, in the September 28 online edition of The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, suggest that physicians should more diligently monitor vitamin D levels in patients being treated with oral steroids.


Cocaine users have 45 percent increased risk of glaucoma

Cocaine users diagnosed with glaucoma two decades earlier than nonusers


Indianapolis, Indiana, USA (September 29, 2011) – A study of the 5.3 million men and women seen in Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics in a one-year period found that use of cocaine is predictive of open-angle glaucoma, the most common type of glaucoma.


19th Century ‘Protestant work ethic’ at heart of Europe’s North/South debt crisis split


Warwick, U.K. (September 29, 2011) - Research from the Centre for Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE) at the University of Warwick suggests the 19th Century ‘protestant work ethic’ could have given the economies of northern Europe a head start on their southern neighbours, and is still shaping popular northern European feeling that rankles against bailing out struggling southerners.


The witch doctors' gift: Potential new drugs from a cup of tea

American Chemical Society's latest Prized Science video


Washington, D.C., USA (September 29, 2011) — A physician on a medical relief mission to Africa sees pregnant women sip a medicinal tea prepared by local witch doctors when the time for birth arrives. Made from the leaves of a plant called "kalata-kalata," the tea speeds labor and delivery. Scientists analyze the plant and discover a remarkable new substance. The research puts them on course for discovery of potential new drugs for diseases that affect millions of people worldwide.


Living with dementia and making decisions


Swindon, U.K., September 29, 2011) - People with dementia can still make decisions in their everyday lives and with support from partners can continue to do so as their condition advances. This is one of the preliminary findings of a two-year research project funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) into how married couples living with dementia make decisions on a daily basis.


Prevention of bedsores in long-term care homes cost-effective, study shows


Toronto, Canada (September 28, 2011) - Researchers at the University of Toronto have found that low-tech, inexpensive interventions for bedsores could improve health for long-term care residents and reduce health-care costs for the facilities that house them.


Study Shows Link Between Smoking and Chronic Pain in Women


Lexington, Ky. (September 28, 2011) — Kentucky women who smoke heavily may experience more chronic musculoskeletal pain, suggests a new study led by University of Kentucky researchers.


Neural linkage between motivation and motor functional recovery through rehabilitative training


Japan, (September 28, 2011) - An effective recovery has been observed in stroke patients and those with spinal cord injuries who have strong vitality and motivation to rehabilitate in clinical practice. However, it was not really clear how motivation facilitates functional recovery in brain science. The joint research team consisting of Associate Professor Yukio NISHIMURA, and Professor Tadashi ISA from the National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Dr. Hirotaka ONOE, Team Leader in the Functional Probe Research Laboratory of RIKEN, the Center for Molecular Imaging Science, and also Dr. Hideo TSUKADA, Manager of PET Center, Hamamatsu Photonics K.K., Central Research Laboratory, revealed that the more motor function recovery progresses, the stronger the functional connectivity between the brain which regulates motivation, and in the brain regions involved in the motor learning and functional recovery. This occurs through rehabilitative training of macaque monkeys after the spinal cord injuries. The result of this study suggests that the functional recovery of motor system for a patient with damage to the central nervous system can be advanced effectively, by activating the brain region which controls "motivation". The result of this study was reported in the PLoS ONE, an American science magazine (September 28, 2011 electronic edition).


Popular colorectal cancer drug may cause permanent nerve damage

Nerve degeneration detected with skin biopsies


Baltimore, Maryland, USA (September 28, 2011) - Oxaliplatin, a platinum-based anticancer drug that's made enormous headway in recent years against colorectal cancer, appears to cause nerve damage that may be permanent and worsens even months after treatment ends. The chemotherapy side effect, described by Johns Hopkins researchers in the September issue of Neurology, was discovered in what is believed to be the first effort to track oxaliplatin-based nerve damage through relatively cheap and easy punch skin biopsies.


Drug companies must report clinical trial results, even when they won't lead to a product


Sacramento, California, USA (September 28, 2011) - Drug companies sponsoring human trials of possible new medications have ethical responsibilities to study participants and to science to disclose the results of their clinical research — even when product development is no longer being pursued, says a commentary co-authored by a leading UC Davis drug researcher published online today in Science Translational Medicine.


Instead of defibrillator's painful jolt, there may be a gentler way to prevent sudden death

Study demonstrates 'proof of principle' in new way to restore normal heart rhythm


Baltimore, Maryland, USA (September 28, 2011) - Each year in the United States, more than 200,000 people have a cardiac defibrillator implanted in their chest to deliver a high-voltage shock to prevent sudden cardiac death from a life-threatening arrhythmia. While it's a necessary and effective preventive therapy, those who've experienced a defibrillator shock say it's painful, and some studies suggest that the shock can damage heart muscle.


End-of-life discussions do not affect survival rates, study shows


(September 28, 2011) - Discussing and documenting patients' preferences for care at the end of life does not cause them any harm, contrary to recent claims. A new study published today in the Journal of Hospital Medicine found that patients who talk with their physicians about end-of-life care and have an advance directive in their medical record have similar survival rates as patients who do not have these discussions and documents.


Dementia patients face burdensome transitions in last 90 days

Often needless relocations affect 1 in 5 in nursing homes


Providence, Rhode Island, USA (September 28, 2011) — A new study in the Sept. 29, 2011, edition of the New England Journal of Medicine reports that nearly one in five nursing home residents with advanced dementia experiences burdensome transitions in the last 90 days of life, such as moving to a different facility in the last three days of life or repeat hospitalizations for expected complications of dementia in the last 90 days of life.


Nearly half the world’s adults will experience lower urinary tract symptoms by 2018

Study provides detailed projections for North and South America, Africa, Asia and Europe


(September 27, 2011) - Nearly half of all adults over 20 will experience at least one lower urinary tract symptom by 2018 - an estimated 2.3 billion people and a worldwide increase of 18% in just one decade - according to research in the October issue of the urology journal BJUI.


EMA: Meeting highlights from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) 19-22 September 2011


London, Großbritannien (September 23, 2011) - This page lists the opinions adopted at the September 2011 meeting of the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) and other important outcomes.


Research projects create confidence for positive changes and solutions in the area of pain


Hamburg, Germany (September 22,  2011) - As pain concerns the everyday lives of millions of people worldwide, understanding its mechanisms is crucial to improve patients’ conditions and treatments. In line with this thought, five former winners of the EFIC-Grünenthal Grant (E-G-G) presented insights into the development and progress of their projects at the show case symposium “New Findings in Clinical Pain Research” during the 7th EFIC® Congress in Hamburg, Germany.


Error rate higher in breast imaging reports generated by automatic speech recognition


Leesburg, VA, USA (September 22, 2011) - Breast imaging reports generated using an automatic speech recognition system are nearly six times more likely to contain major errors than those generated with conventional dictation transcription, a new study in Canada shows.


Men and women cooperate equally for the common good

Gender differences arise in different social contexts, according to meta-analysis


Washington, DC, USA (September 22, 2011) -- Stereotypes suggest women are more cooperative than men, but an analysis of 50 years of research shows that men are equally cooperative, particularly in situations involving a dilemma that pits the interests of an individual against the interests of a group.


Resident conferences that focus on mistakes result in higher quality of care


Leesburg, VA, USA (September 22, 2011) - Residents who attend conferences that focus on missed or misinterpreted cases are 67% less likely to miss important findings when reading on-call musculoskeletal x-ray images, a new study shows.


Elderly breast cancer patients risk treatment discrimination

Stockholm, Sweden (September 22, 2011) - Women diagnosed with breast cancer late in life are at greater risk of dying from the disease than younger patients, assuming they survive other age-related conditions, according to a study to be presented at the 2011 European Multidisciplinary Cancer Congress on Saturday. The results point to shortcomings in patient care for elderly women as well as differences in the progress of the disease.

Study reveals rise in prostate biopsy complications and high post-procedure hospitalization rate


Baltimore, Maryland, USA (September 22, 2011) - In a study of complication rates following prostate biopsy among Medicare beneficiaries, Johns Hopkins researchers have found a significant rise in serious complications requiring hospitalization. The researchers found that this common outpatient procedure, used to diagnose prostate cancer, was associated with a 6.9 percent rate of hospitalization within 30 days of biopsy compared to a 2.9 percent hospitalization rate among a control group of men who did not have a prostate biopsy. The study, which will be published in the November 2011 issue of The Journal of Urology, was posted early online.


Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind

UC Berkeley researchers decode and reconstruct dynamic visual experiences, in this case Hollywood movie trailers


Berkeley, CA, USA (September 22, 2011) - Imagine tapping into the mind of a coma patient, or watching one's own dream on YouTube. With a cutting-edge blend of brain imaging and computer simulation, scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, are bringing these futuristic scenarios within reach.


Early detection is key in the fight against ovarian cancer

Northwestern Memorial experts urge women to recognize warning signs; receive appropriate screenings


Chicago, Ill., USA (September 15, 2011) – Ovarian cancer is a rare but often deadly disease that can strike at any time in a woman's life. It affects one in 70 women and in the past was referred to as a silent killer, but researchers have found there are symptoms associated with ovarian cancer that can assist in early detection. Experts at Northwestern Memorial say the best defense is to make use of preventive methods, understand the risks and recognize potential warning signs of ovarian cancer.


GSA Sets Focus on Optimizing Older Adults’ Pain Care


Washington, DC (September 15, 2011) - To highlight Pain Awareness Month in September, The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) — the nation’s largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging — is announcing two forthcoming publications focused on pain relief and medication for seniors.


Safeguards needed to prevent discrimination of early Alzheimer's patients in the workplace

Policies needed to prepare individuals, society for earlier diagnosis and high risk of Alzheimer's


Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (September 15, 2011) - The changing tide of Alzheimer's diagnosis presents new challenges to the public, physicians and lawmakers: if you could find out your Alzheimer's risk, would you want to know? How should doctors tell you your risk? And what does it mean for the many newly diagnosed Americans still in the workplace?


Two-thirds of hepatitis C patients can see a cure in half the time, new study finds

Response-guided treatment with drug telaprevir can be shortened to 6 months for many, says research published in New England Journal of Medicine


Los Angeles, CA, USA (September 15, 2011) – Treatment with a telaprevir-based combination regimen for hepatitis C – heretofore a chronic, destructive and difficult to manage disease – effectively can be shortened to six months in about two-thirds of patients, finds a new study published Thursday in the New England Journal of Medicine.


Small group homes are better for many dementia patients and their families


Maastricht, The Netherlands (September 15, 2011) - Small group homes for people with dementia provide good quality care and a domestic environment where people can live as individuals and families can get involved. But tension can arise when it comes to deciding who takes responsibilities for certain practical and caring tasks.


Study suggests possible link between two Type 2 diabetes drugs and pancreatic cancer


Los Angeles (September 15, 2011) - Two newer drugs used to treat Type 2 diabetes could be linked to a significantly increased risk of developing pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, and one could also be linked to an increased risk of thyroid cancer, according to a new UCLA study.


Depression and pain increase fatigue in breast cancer survivors

The study has been published in the European Journal of Cancer Care


Granada, Spain, (September 14, 2011) - In Spain, 5-year survival following breast cancer diagnosis is more than 83%. Around 66% suffer fatigue following treatment. A Spanish research establishes the factors associated with tiredness in cancer survivors to improve their quality of life and rehabilitation.


Ophthalmic antibiotics associated with antimicrobial resistance after intraocular injection therapy


Chicago, Ill., USA (September 12, 2011) – Repeated exposure of the eye to ophthalmic antibiotics appears to be associated with the emergence of resistant strains of microbes among patients undergoing intraocular injection therapy for neovascular retinal disease, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.


Dangers of exposure to 'white' light

New study reveals: 'White' light suppresses the body's production of melatonin -- a compound that adjusts our biological clock and is known for its anti-oxidant and anti-cancerous properties -- more than orange light


Haifa, Israel (September 12, 2011) - Exposure to the light of white LED bulbs, it turns out, suppresses melatonin 5 times more than exposure to the light of High Pressure Sodium bulbs that give off an orange-yellow light. "Just as there are regulations and standards for 'classic' pollutants, there should also be regulations and rules for the pollution stemming from artificial light at night," says Prof. Abraham Haim of the University of Haifa.


Study reveals link between high cholesterol and Alzheimer's disease


St. Paul, Minn., USA (September 12, 2011) – People with high cholesterol may have a higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published in the September 13, 2011, issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.


Fish oil reduces effectiveness of chemotherapy

Dutch researchers warn against combining chemotherapy and fish oil


Utrecht, The Netherlands (September 12, 2011) - Researchers at University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands, have discovered a substance that has an adverse effect on nearly all types of chemotherapy - making cancer cells insensitive to the treatment. Chemotherapy often loses effectiveness over time. It is often unclear how or why this happens.


Study evaluates intranasal insulin therapy for adults with mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer’s


Chicago, Ill., USA (September 12, 2011) – Intranasal insulin therapy appears to provide some benefit for cognitive function in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease, according to a report published Online First today by Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.


Association found between long-term use of nonaspirin anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and renal cell cancer


Chicago, Ill., USA (September 12, 2011) – Long-term use of nonaspirin anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with an increased risk of renal cell cancer (RCC), according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.


Cognition research aims to reduce medical errors

Special issue spotlights psychology’s vital links to health-care outcomes


Washington, DC, USA (September 12, 2011) – How doctors, nurses and other health care professionals can be better prepared to reduce medical mistakes and improve patient care is the focus of several studies published in a special issue of the American Psychological Association's Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.