Nursing News

Use of a mini filter prevents pollen inhalation and results in significantly fewer symptoms such as sneezing, watery eyes and drowsiness

Danish nasal filter more than halves symptoms of hay fever

 

Aarhus, Denmark (June 9, 2015) - Getting through the pollen season can now become easier for some of the approximately 500 million people worldwide who suffer from sneezing and a runny nose, watery eyes and drowsiness during the allergy season (seasonal allergic rhinitis).  This is indicated by a controlled trial carried out by researchers from Aarhus University. The trial, which took place over two days, included 65 people with grass pollen allergies who were not receiving any medical treatment at that time. They were either equipped with a nasal filter or a placebo device.

 

Scripps Whittier Diabetes Institute research points to benefits of care teams focused on managing Diabetes:

Hospital stays longer, more costly with poorly controlled blood sugar

 

BOSTON, USA (June 8, 2015) - Diabetes patients with abnormal blood sugar levels had longer, more costly hospital stays than those with glucose levels in a healthy range, according to studies presented by Scripps Whittier Diabetes Institute researchers at the 75th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), which ends June 9 in Boston.

 

No scientific evidence that it protects against depression, pain or other benefits

Eating the placenta: trendy but no proven health benefits and unknown risks

 

  • Placenta doesn't prevent postpartum depression, ease pain, boost energy or aid lactation
  • Celebrities spike trend, but no studies show human benefits
  • Unknown risks to women and babies

 

CHICAGO, Ill., USA (June 4, 2015) - Celebrities such as Kourtney Kardashian blogged and raved about the benefits of their personal placenta 'vitamins' and spiked women's interest in the practice of consuming their placentas after childbirth. But a new Northwestern Medicine review of 10 current published research studies on placentophagy did not turn up any human or animal data to support the common claims that eating the placenta -- either raw, cooked or encapsulated -- offers protection against postpartum depression, reduces post-delivery pain, boosts energy, helps with lactation, promotes skin elasticity, enhances maternal bonding or replenishes iron in the body.

Public access defibrillators are increasing survival but are not being used enough

 

Brussels, Belgium (June 1, 2015) - New research presented at this year's Euroanaesthesia shows that use of public access defibrillation on people suffering cardiac arrest is associated with a large increase in chances of survival. However, despite the great potential, publicly accessible Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) are not being used enough, concludes research by Dr Marianne Agerskov and colleagues at Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

If properly implemented

The safe surgery checklist could save more lives worldwide than any other single known intervention

 

Brussels, Belgium (June 1, 2015) - New research presented at this year's Euroanaesthesia meeting in Berlin suggests that the WHO-approved safe surgery checklist is working well in both high-income and developing countries. The study is by Dr Janet Martin and Professor Davy Cheng, Centre for Medical Evidence, Decision Integrity & Clinical Impact (MEDICI), and Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.

Anaesthesiology

Article concludes no reason for laughing gas to be withdrawn from operating theaters

 

Brussels, Belgium (May 31, 2015) - A debate at this year's Euroanaesthesia meeting in Berlin will focus on whether laughing gas (nitrous oxide) should be banned from the operating room. The debate coincides with an article on the "Current place of nitrous oxide in clinical practice" published in the European Journal of Anaesthesiology, that concludes there is "no clinically relevant evidence for the withdrawal of nitrous oxide from the armamentarium of anaesthesia practice or procedural sedation." The article has been prepared by a special taskforce of the European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA), which organises Euroanaesthesia.

Anaesthesiology

Smokers and those exposed to passive smoke require more anesthetic and painkiller during operations

 

Brussels, Belgium (May 29, 2015) - Research published at this year's Euroanaesthesia meeting in Berlin (30 May-2 June) shows that both smokers and those exposed to passive smoke require more anaesthetic and painkillers to reach the same level of anaesthesia as non-smokers. The study is by Dr Erdogan Ozturk, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey, and colleagues.

High rates of MRSA transmission found between nursing home residents, healthcare workers

 

  • Study finds transmission rates high in daily activities previously considered low-risk

 

NEW YORK, USA (May 28, 2015) - Healthcare workers frequently contaminate their gloves and gowns during every day care of nursing homes residents with drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA, according to a new study. The findings were published online today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.

First Guideline on Management of Patients with Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

 

London, UK (May 28, 2015) - Diabetes mellitus is becoming increasingly prevalent and is considered a rapidly growing concern for healthcare systems. According to the WHO [1] there are currently more than 60 million patients with diabetes in Europe – and patients with diabetes are particularly at risk of developing chronic kidney disease. According to the latest annual report of the ERA-EDTA registry [2], 22.1% of all new dialysis patients are classified with diabetic nephropathy. Therefore it is to be feared that the global increase of diabetes will result in a higher prevalence of chronic kidney disease, too.

Hip fractures in the elderly caused by falls, not osteoporosis

 

Helsinki, Finland, (May 27, 2015) - Anti-osteoporotic medication is not an effective means for preventing hip fractures among the elderly, concludes a study recently published in the BMJ. Proximal femoral fractures (i.e., hip fractures) occur in the world at a rate of 1.5 million per year, or 7,000 per year in Finland. As most such fractures occur among older people, their number is expected to grow as the population ages. Hip fractures often lead to permanently reduced mobility, quality of life and general health, as well as result in significant social costs.

Survival Rate of Dialysis Patients Has Improved

 

London, UK (May 27, 2015) - At least 70 million Europeans suffer from chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, dialysis patients represent only 1 to 2% of the CKD population. CKD is clearly a disease that progresses slowly, but steadily – yet even in its early stages, CKD causes a dramatic increase in general and cardiovascular mortality. The sad truth is that many CKD patients die before reaching end-stage renal disease (ESRD), when they are dependent on renal replacement therapy (dialysis, transplantation). Risk calculations indicate that CKD is a negative cardiovascular prognostic factor as such, irrespective of the traditional mortality risks such as cholesterol or blood pressure. Five years ago, a systematic analysis published in the renowned journal, ‘The Lancet’ [1], involving more than 1.2 million patients, showed that total as well as cardiovascular mortality can be well estimated using simple kidney function tests.

Chronic Kidney Disease: a Challenge for European Healthcare Systems

 

London, UK, (May 26, 2015) - 10% of the population is affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD). About 70 million Europeans have lost some of their kidney function and are at high risk of becoming dependent on renal replacement therapies (dialysis or transplantation). This is due, on the one hand, to demographic trends – people are becoming older, and loss of renal function is a symptom of old age. Yet demographic trends alone do not explain the steep upward trend in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Several other conditions are linked to increased incidence of CKD, e.g. diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking, ageing, and obesity. All subjects having these characteristics should not only be adequately treated for their primary condition, but should also be regularly screened and treated specifically for their kidney disease.

Meeting highlights from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) 18-21 May 2015

 

  • Eight new medicines, including three cancer immunotherapies, recommended for approval

 

London, UK (May 22, 2015) - The Committee has recommended granting a marketing authorisation for Repatha (evolocumab), a first-in-class treatment to lower high levels of cholesterol in the blood of people who are unable to control their cholesterol despite taking optimal doses of statins or who cannot take statins. Repatha is also recommended to treat homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia, a rare inherited disorder. Repatha is the first monoclonal antibody in this therapeutic area and provides a new treatment option for patients who are unable to control their high cholesterol despite taking currently available therapies. For more information on Repatha, please see the press release in the grid below.

Patient risk model can help target costly HCV treatment to those with most urgent Need

Helping doctors predict what's next for patients diagnosed with Hepatitis C

 

ANN ARBOR, Mich., USA (May 21, 2015) - A team of researchers at the University of Michigan Health System has developed a risk prediction model that helps identify which hepatitis C patients have the most urgent need for new anti-viral drugs. Rallying baby boomers to be screened for hepatitis C took off as effective treatments emerged to wipe out the liver-damaging virus. But high costs that can rise to more than $80,000 for a round of treatment have complicated the promise of providing curative treatment for the estimated 3.2 million people in the United States with hepatitis C.

Chinese herbal mixture significantly reduces fatigue in cancer patients

 

Rochelle, NY, USA (May 20, 2015) - Cancer patients suffering from moderate to severe fatigue reported significantly less fatigue within 2-3 weeks of treatment with the traditional Chinese medicine herbal mixture Ren Shen Yangrong Tang (RSYRT), a soup containing 12 herbs. The safety and efficacy of RSYRT in this Phase I/II trial are presented in an article in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, a peer-reviewed publication from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free on the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine website until June 20, 2015.

IMAGE: C. difficile bacteria fluoresces under UV light. Credit: Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAre hospitals doing all they can to prevent C. diff infections?
Not yet, new study finds

 

  • Survey of nearly 400 hospitals finds half lack programs to cut use of antibiotics that can encourage dangerous gut infection

 

ANN ARBOR, Mich., USA (April 24, 2015) - Nearly half of American hospitals aren't taking key steps to prevent a kind of gut infection that kills nearly 30,000 people annually and sickens hundreds of thousands more - despite strong evidence that such steps work, according to a new study. While nearly all of the 398 hospitals in the study use a variety of measures to protect their patients from Clostridium difficile infections, 48 percent haven't adopted strict limits on the use of antibiotics and other drugs that can allow the dangerous bug to flourish, the researchers report.

Eleven new medicines, including one orphan, recommended for approval

Meeting highlights from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) 20-23 April 2015

 

London (April 24, 2015) - Eleven new medicines were recommended for approval at the April 2015 meeting of the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP).
The CHMP recommended granting a marketing authorisation for Opdivo (nivolumab), for the treatment of adults with advanced (unresectable or metastatic) melanoma. For more information on Opdivo, please see the press release in the grid below.

Pict.: Surfaces in hospital rooms such as tray tables, bedrails, call buttons and grab bars can be reservoirs for bacteria. A new UV light method for cleaning hospital rooms could help stop the spread of dangerous bacteria, and in turn, save lives. Texas A&M Health Science CenterUV light robot to clean hospital rooms could help stop spread of 'superbugs'

 

BRYAN, Texas, USA (April 14, 2015) - Can a robot clean a hospital room just as well as a person? According to new research out of the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, that is indeed the case. Chetan Jinadatha, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor at the Texas A&M College of Medicine and chief of infectious diseases at the Central Texas Veterans Health Care System in Temple, is studying the effectiveness of a germ-zapping robot to clean hospital rooms, which could hold the key to preventing the spread of "superbugs" - in turn, saving countless dollars and, most importantly, lives. 

New study puts 40 patients through 12-week course

Tango dancing benefits Parkinson's patients

 

Montreal, QC, Canada (April 13, 2015) - Dancing the Argentine tango could have potential benefits for people at certain stages in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), according to findings in a new study by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital -The Neuro, McGill University and the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre. The study looked at changes in patients' motor abilities following a 12-week tango course, and is also the first study to assess the effect that tango has on non-motor symptoms. 

Acetaminophen reduces both pain and pleasure, study finds

Your pain reliever may also be diminishing your joy

 

Columbus, Ohio, USA (April 13, 2015) - Researchers studying the commonly used pain reliever acetaminophen found it has a previously unknown side effect: It blunts positive emotions. In the study, participants who took acetaminophen reported less strong emotions when they saw both very pleasant and very disturbing photos, when compared to those who took placebos.

International Congress of Ayurveda: Relief from exploding health costs. The International Congress of Ayurveda, the biggest ever in Europe, brought together 400 participants from 40 countries, including medical doctors, health-administration professionals and three top-ranking representatives of the Indian government. The Congress ended on April 12th in Roermond, Holland after two days of discussing ways in which Ayurveda, the worlds most ancient medical system, can turn back the exploding costs of healthcare through natural treatments and disease prevention.International Congress of Ayurveda

Relief from exploding health costs

 

Roermond, Netherlands (April 11, 2015) - The International Congress of Ayurveda, the biggest ever in Europe, brought together 400 participants from 40 countries, including medical doctors, health-administration professionals and three top-ranking representatives of the Indian government. The Congress ended on April 12th in Roermond, Holland after two days of discussing ways in which Ayurveda, the world's most ancient medical system, can turn back the exploding costs of healthcare through natural treatments and disease prevention.

Combining nortriptyline and morphine provides better pain relief than using either drug alone, according to a new study

Easing the pain

 

(April 7, 2015) - The combination of two well-known drugs will have unprecedented effects on pain management, says new research from Queen's. Combining morphine, a narcotic pain reliever, and nortriptyline, an antidepressant, has been found to successfully relieve chronic neuropathic pain - or a localized sensation of pain due to abnormal function of the nervous system - in 87 per cent of patients, and significantly better than with either drug alone.

New study confirms

Mortality and blood pressure directly linked to relationship quality

 

(April 7, 2015) - While other studies have shown that stress and negative marital quality can influence mortality and blood pressure, there has not been research that discussed how it might affect married couples over time. Using systolic blood pressure as a gauge, researchers assessed whether an individual's blood pressure is influenced by their own as well as their partner's reports of chronic stress and whether there are gender differences in these patterns.

Scientists develop first perfume which smells better the more you sweat

 

Belfast, UK (April 1, 2015) - The first-ever perfume delivery system to ensure the more a person sweats, the better they will smell, has been developed by scientists at Queen's University Belfast.  Researchers in the Queen's University Ionic Liquid Laboratories (QUILL) Research Centre have developed a unique new perfume delivery system which releases more of its aroma when it comes into contact with moisture, meaning a person smells nicer when their sweat levels increase.

Study finds each hour spent watching TV daily increases the risk of developing diabetes by 3.4 percent

 

Pittsburgh, PA, USA (April 1, 2015) - Each hour spent watching TV daily increases the risk of developing diabetes by 3.4%, concludes a study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes). The study, on the effects of sedentary or 'sitting' time on diabetes risk, is by Dr Bonny Rockette-Wagner (lead author) and Dr Andrea Kriska (senior author) from the University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA, and colleagues.

Five new medicines, including one orphan, recommended for approval

Meeting highlights from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) 23-26 March 2015

 

London (March 27, 2015) - The CHMP has recommended granting a marketing authorisation for Lenvima (lenvatinib) for the treatment of adults with progressive, locally advanced or metastatic differentiated thyroid carcinoma, whose disease has progressed despite receiving radioactive iodine. Lenvima was reviewed under EMA’s accelerated assessment program. This program provides for an expedited review of medicines that, if approved, would significantly improve the treatment of this serious condition. The medicine also received an orphan designation in 2013 because the condition it is intended to treat was considered a rare disease. For more information on Lenvima, please see the press release in the grid below.

3rd International One Health Congress in Amsterdam

Closer collaboration between human and animal Health

 

  • Infectious diseases that can be passed between animals and people, such as influenza, rabies, Ebola virus and West Nile virus
  • Diseases that are common to animals and people, such as  arthritis, cancer, diabetes and allergies

 

Amsterdam, The Netherlands (March 16, 2015) - A panel of experts in both human and animal healthcare called for greater collaboration in combating the increasing threat of animal-transmitted infectious diseases and to more effectively innovate under the umbrella of One Health to prevent and treat chronic diseases that are common to animals and people. This call to action came at a satellite symposium held today at the 3rd International One Health Congress in Amsterdam*. The event was sponsored by the animal health company Zoetis.

EMA Committee review reassures Member States over safety of flu vaccine

No evidence that Fluad vaccine caused deaths in Italy

 

London (December 3, 2014) - The Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) has concluded that there is no evidence that Fluad, a flu vaccine manufactured by Novartis, has caused serious events including deaths in Italy.  These reports led the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA) to suspend the use of two batches of Fluad as a precautionary measure on 27 November 2014.

Meeting highlights from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use, 20-23 October 2014: Six new medicines recommended for approval

 

London, UK (October 24, 2014) - Six new medicines have been recommended for approval at the October meeting of the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP), two of which are for orphan conditions. The European Medicines Agency has recommended granting a marketing authorisation under exceptional circumstances for Scenesse (afamelanotide) for the treatment of erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP), a rare genetic disease which causes intolerance to light. Scenesse is the first medicine for patients with this condition. This type of authorisation is granted to medicines where comprehensive data on the medicine cannot be collected, for example, because the condition is too rare, or because the collection of full information is not possible or is unethical.

Proper dental care linked to reduced risk of respiratory infections in ICU patients

 

CHICAGO, Ill., USA (October 22, 2014) – New research shows vulnerable patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) who received enhanced oral care from a dentist were at significantly less risk for developing a lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), like ventilator-associated pneumonia, during their stay. The study was published in the November issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA).

Leading Pan-European Nurses Association (EDTNA) accredits Sanofi Patient Education Game

 

Paris, France (October 20, 2014) - The accreditation committee of the European Dialysis and Transplant Nurses Association/European Renal Care Association (EDTNA/ERCA) approved the patient education tool called “Phosphorus Mission”, granting it a three-year accreditation status. EDTNA/ERCA describes “Phosphorus Mission” as an “excellent resource for the nephrology nurse” and “very good teaching and learning aid for patients” in its accreditation letter. 

The Lancet

Three people infected with Ebola predicted to fly from West Africa every month if no exit screening takes place

 

(October 20, 2014) - Three Ebola-infected travelers are predicted to depart on an international flight every month from any of the three countries in West Africa currently experiencing widespread Ebola virus outbreaks (Guinea, Liberia, or Sierra Leone), if no exit screening were to take place, according to new modeling research published in The Lancet. 

Hospitalized patients don't wash their hands enough, study finds

 

Hamilton, ON, Canada (October 7, 2014) – Hospital visitors and staff are greeted with hand sanitizer dispensers in the lobby, by the elevators and outside rooms as reminders to wash their hands to stop infections, but just how clean are patients' hands?

Oxycodone May Be More Dangerous than Other Addictive Pain Medication

 

Hoboken, NJ, USA (October 6, 2014) - While all prescription opioids can be abused, oxycodone may be more potent in its ability to promote changes in the brain relevant to addiction. A new study in the European Journal of Neuroscience revealed greater increases of dopamine in the brain following the delivery of oxycodone compared with morphine. The release of dopamine, a chemical messenger between neurons, is consistently tied with reward and motivation.

Meeting highlights from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use, 22-25 September 2014

Fifteen new medicines and three extensions of indication recommended for approval

 

London, UK (September 26, 2014) - The Committee recommended a marketing authorisation for Harvoni (sofosbuvir / ledipasvir) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in adults. Harvoni belongs to a new generation of antiviral products for chronic HCV infection that have high cure rates and have recently reshaped the treatment landscape for this disease. Please see the press release for more information.

GIOTRIF® (afatinib)* approved in Europe for patients with EGFR mutation positive lung cancer

 

  • Patients with EGFR mutation positive lung cancer in the European Union can now benefit from a new targeted treatment option, GIOTRIF®, the first irreversible ErbB Family Blocker
  • Afatinib has been shown to delay tumour progression and improve disease related symptoms versus standard chemotherapy1
  • Afatinib approval marks the first registration of a targeted treatment from Boehringer Ingelheim’s oncology portfolio in the EU

 

Ingelheim, Germany, (September 25, 2013) – Boehringer Ingelheim announced today that the European Commission has granted marketing authorisation for afatinib monotherapy, for the treatment of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) TKI-naïve adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with activating EGFR mutation(s). Afatinib will be marketed in Europe under the brand name GIOTRIF®.

Innovative, integrated technologies and a proven algorithm support better therapy outcomes

Personalized Diabetes Management 2.0 – Interactively connected for an optimized therapy

 

Vienna (September 15, 2014) - Today, healthcare systems around the globe face significant challenges that are creating concerns about the sustainability of the services and care provided and covered by the national health plans. In this context in particular the combination of increased prevalence of diabetes and an ageing population is exacerbating the burden on healthcare delivery and costs worldwide. To meet the increasing demand, governments and payers together with industry partners and healthcare professionals are looking at ways to make healthcare systems more sustainable and improve their citizens’ health via mobile health (mHealth) solutions. Experts reckon mobile healthcare as the biggest technology break-through of our time to address national challenges. Notably in daily management of diabetes such technological solutions seem to be a natural fit as mHealth delivers the virtual connection between different devices but also of people with diabetes and their caregivers.

Research finds no association between wearing a bra and breast cancer

 

Philadelphia, PA, USA (September 5, 2014) — A population-based case-control study found no association between bra wearing and increased breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women, according to research published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Liver injury caused by herbals, dietary supplements rises in study population

Supplements more likely than medications to lead to death or liver transplantation

 

Philadelphia, PA (September 4, 2014) - New research shows that liver injury caused by herbals and dietary supplements increased from 7% to 20% in a U.S. study group over a ten-year period. According to the study published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, liver injury caused by non-bodybuilding supplements is most severe, occurring more often in middle-aged women and more frequently resulting in death or the need for transplantation than liver injury from bodybuilding supplements or conventional medications."

Research from University of Leicester sniffs out smell of disease in feces

Scientists develop 'electronic nose' for rapid detection of C. diff infection

 

Leicester, UK (August 31, 2014) - A fast-sensitive "electronic-nose" for sniffing the highly infectious bacteria C. diff, that causes diarrhoea, temperature and stomach cramps, has been developed by a team at the University of Leicester. Using a mass spectrometer, the research team has demonstrated that it is possible to identify the unique 'smell' of C. diff which would lead to rapid diagnosis of the condition.

ESC_LogoDrinking tea reduces non-CV mortality by 24 percent

 

Barcelona, Spain (August 31, 2014) - Drinking tea reduces non-cardiovascular mortality by 24%, reveals a study in 131 000 people presented at ESC Congress today by Professor Nicolas Danchin from France. Professor Danchin said: "If you have to choose between tea or coffee it's probably better to drink tea. Coffee and tea are important components of our way of life. Their effects on cardiovascular (CV) health have been investigated in the past with sometimes divergent results. We investigated the effects of coffee and tea on CV mortality and non-CV mortality in a large French population at low risk of cardiovascular diseases."